How to Make Coppa: Part 1

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Down at the Coppa!

 

In the Beginning – There Was Gabagool

In my search for purpose and a new career as an urban farmstead type, I’ve recently rekindled an interest in the art and science of curing meats.  I was inspired last month when I started poking around into the possibility of acquiring a small, but well-respected artisan meat company.  While that deal did not go through it set off a spark in my brain that has me thinking about becoming the next Sausage King of Seattle.  Could I be a 21st century Abe Froman perhaps?  Anyway, since late February I’ve studied all types of things like HAACP plans, knives, hygrometers, ph meters, good vs. bad mold and, most importantly, meat purveyors.

Over the past 2 years I’ve made bacon and pancetta at home with pretty good success.  Although my wife doesn’t like the salty-ness of some of the bacon; I have been pretty happy with as have friends I have shared with.  During a recent conversation with Mike Easton from the esteemed Il Corvo in Seattle, I was told to essentially ‘throw out’ the first Charcuterie book by Michael Ruhlman and Brian Polcyn in favor of their second book, Salumi and Cooking by Hand by Paul Bertolli.  In Mike’s words, ‘those recipes are just too damned salty!’  So, on I went to get my new books and try my hand at a new style of old world cuisine.

 

Her Name Was Lola

After sampling my dad’s (Don Stefano) coppa down in California in January, I decided to try my hand at making a couple of my own.  The recipe and process are quite simple for coppa.  Coppa is made from a muscle that runs from the neck of a pig down to the 2nd or 3rd rib bone along the back.  The problem is, in this country you typically buy whole USDA pork shoulder/butt which in which the coppa is cut before the desired point on the rib.  So, you get about 2/3 of the coppa instead of the whole muscle on a European style shoulder cut.  You also need to trim it out of the shoulder so you have to figure out which muscle it is and put your butchery skills to work.  It’s not that hard to do but I did need to refer to the Salumi book for illustrative help.  Some butchers will cut a whole coppa out for you if they are working with a whole or half hog (I just got one of these thanks to the folks at Bill the Butcher – more to come…) – but this seems to be a rare occasion.

I started out with 2 pork shoulders that I trimmed out the coppa on.  I’ll call them Lola and Rico.  I photo-documented the process step by step for those of you scoring at home:

Step 1 – Trimming the coppa from the butt

whole pork shoulder 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Whole pork shoulder – pre-trimming

 

The sort of triangular piece of meat on the left side of the shoulder is the coppa.  So, we must separate it from the rest of the shoulder to do our work.

pork shoulder trim 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Trimming the Lola the Coppa (left) from the pork shoulder/butt

 

His Name was Rico

Of course, as the story by Barry Manilow goes, Lola met Rico at the Copa.  So, here’s Rico pre-dressage…

pork shoulder 2 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

This is Rico the coppa – pre-separation from the shoulder

 

And now Rico being trimmed – in a little better fashion than Lola now that I have practice…

pork shoulder trim 2 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Separating Rico from the shoulder – easier this time

 

And now for Lola and Rico side by side, all trimmed and weighed out:

coppa side by side 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Lola and Rico side by side – all trimmed and ready for the cure

 

Step 2: The Cure

No, I’m not going to integrate Robert Smith into this mess.  But, we have to cure Lola and Rico now.  So, here’s the process.  I used the ‘Salt Box’ method with Diamond Crystal at 3% of the weight of the coppa.  I used no nitrates here as the salt (and future casing) will be enough to keep the bad mold juju away.

coppa salt box 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

The Salt Box method in play – curing Lola with 3% Diamond Crystal

 

They Fell in Love

Now that both Lola and Rico have been salt boxed, it’s time to add the desired herbs and spices.  For Rico, I chose to do a cure with Black Pepper, sliced garlic and ground fennel.  For the 2.75 pound coppa I used about 1.5 Tablespoons of each spice with 2 cloves of thinly sliced garlic.

coppa ingredients 300x283 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Rico’s accompaniments – Fennel Seed, Black Pepper and garlic

 

I toasted both the black pepper and fennel seed to release the oils and aromatics.  Then I cracked the black pepper with the back of a skillet and put the fennel seed in a grinder for a moment to give me this:

coppa ingredients 2 300x127 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Cracked pepper and ground fennel seed

 

For Lola, I chose to do a juniper and bay cure.  For the ingredients in this cure, I used:

  • 5 bay leaves – cracked by hand
  • 1 Tablespoon of toasted, cracked black pepper
  • 1 Tbsp dried thyme
  • 1 Tbsp crushed juniper berries
coppa ingredients 3 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Lola with her accompanying herbs and spices

Step 3: Bagged and Pressed

Now that Lola and Rico have been properly seasoned, they need a couple of days on the cure.

coppa cure 300x225 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Lola and Rico – bagged and ready for the curing process

For this, I sealed each bag and then put about 8# of weight in the form of landscaping cinder from my backyard (washed of course).

coppa weighted 300x139 How to Make Coppa: Part 1

Each coppa has ~8# of weight on it during the curing process.

 

And Now We Wait…

The coppa stay in this state for 2 days – flipping halfway through the process while redistributing the cure between flips.  Once they have been through the first cure, they’ll be rinsed and encased in beef bung with more herbs to dry over the course of 2-4 weeks while they lose about 30% of their weight.  I’ll post updates here as I continue the dry cure process for these two coppa so you can see the result.

To read part two of this story on curing coppa please click here.

I’ll also be writing more about charcuterie and salumi going forward trying varying Mediterranean techniques on different cuts of meat.  Stay tuned!

Also, check out this great post on making coppa at From Belly to Bacon.

 

Please leave a comment on this post

  1. Hi Jason. This is Tony Bartlett from south Africa..
    Please could you explain what you mean by Beef bung. Many thanks

    • Hi Tony – thanks for reading and good question. Before I started doing this I had no idea what one was. Beef Bung, also known as beef cap, is the terminal end of the large intestine in a cow. They typically come in 4.5″ or 5″ diameter sizes and are ideal for coppa, mortadella and bologna. Here’s a good link with a diagram to show you what’s what inside the cow: http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x6556e/x6556e03.htm

      Enjoy!

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